In India, Republic Day is celebrated every year on 26 January to commemorate the date on which the Constitution of India came into force in 1950.
The Constitution of India was passed by the Constituent Assembly of India on 26 November 1949 but was adopted on 26 January 1950 with a democratic government system, completing the country’s transition toward becoming an independent republic.
The constitution replaced the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India.
26 January was selected as the date for adoption of the Constitution because it was this day in 1930 when the Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress.
Republic Day is one of three national holidays in India, other two being Independence Day celebrated on 15 August and Gandhi Jayanti celebrated on 2 October.
Locally Republic Day is know by different names -
Hindi - Ganatantra Diwas (गणतंत्र दिवस)
Marathi - Prajasattak Din (प्रजासत्ताक दिन)
Gujarati - Ganatantra Din (ગણતંત્ર દિવસ)
Bengali - Prajatantra Diwas (প্রজাতন্ত্র দিবস)
Tamil - Kutiyarachu Tinam (குடியரசு தினம்:)
Telugu – Ganatantra Dinotsava (గణతంత్ర దినోత్సవ)
Kannada - Ganarajyotsava (ಗಣರಾಜ್ಯೋತ್ಸವ)
Malayalam – Republic Dina (റിപ്പബ്ലിക്ക് ദിന)
Urdu - یوم جمہوریہ
Republic Day Celebrations in India :
The main celebration of the Republic Day takes place in New Delhi, the capital of India where a grand Republic Day Parade takes place at the Rajpath.
Representatives of the Indian Army, Navy and Air Force and traditional dance troupes and tableau from various states and union territories of India take part in the parades.
In short, the Republic Day Parade showcases a multi-hued image of the country’s rich cultural heritage and military prowess.
This parade is presided over by the President of India.
The day in the national capital starts with Prime Ministers visit to Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate, where he first lays a wreath in memory of all members of the armed forces who gave up their life for the country.
After that there is the 21 gun salute, unfurling of the National Flag and singing of the National Anthem and Rajpath.
After this President of India presents gallantry awards to respective winners and then the Republic Day Parade starts.
Apart from this, hoisting ceremonies and parades by armed forces and school children are held in different parts of the country, especially capital cities of states.
Wishing all readers Happy Indian Republic Day 2017 !!!